top of page

Historical and Cultural Ties with Turkey 

Jinnah's Ideals

 “Finally, I extend a most cordial welcome to Your Excellency as the first Ambassador of Turkey to Pakistan -- a welcome charged with the deepest affection born of historical and cultural ties and traditions of the past.”

- Mr. Jinnah / Quaid-e-Azam

- Speech: On Spiritual and Sentimental Ties with Turkey

- Context: Reply to the speech made by the first Turkish Ambassador to Pakistan at the time of presenting his credentials to Quaid-e-Azam


Deeper reflections


Pakistan and Turkey share a history where their founding fathers effectively mobilized their people, fought against serious odds, somehow and someway they created nation-states and won the independence for their people.

‘The Grey Wolf’ by Harold Courtenay Armstrong is a book with a historic account of Mustafa Kemal's freedom struggle. Mr. Jinnah read this book in England when he, for a period of time, left the Indian politics -- and this book seemed to have a profound impact on him. In this sense, the history of Ataturk's struggle is connected with the history of Mr. Jinnah's liberation movement. 


Here is Ataturks’s address to Turkish youth, which the Pakistani youth can also benefit from:


You, the Turkish youth! Your primary duty is to forever protect and defend the Turkish independence and Turkish Republic. This is the mainstay of your existence and of your future.

This foundation is your most precious treasure in the future, as well, there will be malevolents, within and abroad, who will seek to deny your birthright. If one day you are compelled to defend your independence and the republic, you shall not reflect on the conditions and possibilities of the situation in which you find yourself, in order to accomplish your mission. These conditions and possibilities may appear unfavorable. The adversaries who scheme against your independence and your Republic may be the representatives of a victory without precedent in the world. By force or by ruse, all citadels and all arsenals of our dear fatherland may have been taken; all of its armies may have been dispersed and all corners of the country may have been physically occupied. More distressing and more grievous than all these, those who hold and exercise the power within the country may have fallen into gross error, blunder, and even treason. These holders of power may have even united their personal interests with the political ambitions of the invaders. The nation itself may have fallen into privation and may have become exhausted and desolate.

You, the future sons and daughters of Turkey! Even under such circumstances and conditions,

your duty is to redeem Turkish independence and the Republic! The strength you shall need exists in the noble blood flowing through your veins.


Here's Mr. Jinnah’s message that may be beneficial to the Turkish youth:


No individual or people can achieve anything without industry, suffering, and sacrifice. There are forces which may bully you, tyrannize over you, and intimidate you, and you may even have to suffer. But it is by going through this crucible of fire--persecution which may be levelled against you, tyranny that may be exercised, the threats and intimidations that may unnerve you--and it is by resisting, by overcoming, by facing these disadvantages [and] hardships, and by suffering and maintaining your true convictions and loyalty, that a nation will emerge worthy of its past glory and history, and will live to make the future history greater and more glorious not only of India but in the annals of the world.


Eighty millions of Musalmans in India have nothing to fear. They have their destiny in their hands, and as a well-knit, solid, organized, united force can face any danger; and withstand any opposition to its united front and wishes. There is the magic power in your own hands. Take your vital decisions--they may be grave and momentous and far-reaching in their consequences. Think hundred times before you take any decision, but once a decision is taken, stand by it as one man. Be true and loyal, and I feel confident that success is with you.


Read This Next

Mr. Jinnah explains Pakistan's historical connection with the United States of America during the Second World War when our two-people stood shoulder to shoulder in defence of democracy.


All Reads on This Topic

bottom of page